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Mechanical characterisation of the developing cell wall layers of tension wood fibres by Atomic Force Microscopyuse asterix (*) to get italics
Olivier Arnould, Marie Capron, Michel Ramonda, Françoise Laurans, Tancrède Alméras, Gilles Pilate, Bruno ClairPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;">Trees generate mechanical stresses at periphery of stem and branches to improve their strength and to control the orientation of their axes. This key factor in the biomechanical design of trees, named “maturation stress”, occurs in wood fibres during cellular maturation when their secondary cell wall thickens. In this study, the spatial and temporal stiffening kinetics of the different cell wall layers were recorded during fibre maturation on a sample of poplar tension wood using atomic force microscopy. The thickening of the different layers was also recorded. The stiffening of the CML, S1 and S2-layers was initially synchronous with the thickening of the S2-layer and continued a little after the S2-layer reached its final thickness as the G-layer began to develop. In contrast, the global stiffness of the G-layer, which initially increased with its thickening, was close to stable long before it reached its final maximum thickness. A limited radial gradient of stiffness was observed in the G-layer, but it decreased sharply on the lumen side, where the new sub-layers are deposited during cell wall thickening. Although very similar at the ultrastructural and biochemical levels, the stiffening kinetics of the poplar G-layer appears to be very different from that described in maturing bast fibres.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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Atomic Force Microscopy; Cell wall; G-layer; Indentation modulus; Maturation; Poplar; Stiffening; Tension wood; Thickening.
Biology of wood in living trees
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2022-01-11 17:49:47
Barry Gardiner